About Nano Science and Technology
Nanotechnology is one of the most fascinating fields of science in the 21st century capable of revolutionizing a wide spectrum of disciplines including agriculture. The word “nano” refers to “dwarf” and measures one-billionth (10-9) of a metre or one millionth of a millimeter. A material that possesses the dimension of a particle in the range of 1-100 nm can be called “nanomaterial”.
The Department of Nano Science & Technology (NST) in Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU), Coimbatore, India, welcomes you to this website. We feel proud and deeply honoured to state that TNAU is one of the early birds in establishing an exclusive Nanotechnology Center for Agricultural Sciences. Indeed, TNAU is the first among the 66 State Agricultural Universities in the country setting up a “Nano Agriculture” framework in order to promote agricultural productivity without associated environmental risks.
The Nanotechnology Center was established with a financial support of ICAR Special Grant of Rs. 50 Crores (10 million USD) which was provided as a gesture to celebrate the Centenary year of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University during 2009. TNAU invested Rs.12.0 crores initially on this State-of-The-Art infrastructure facility with sophisticated equipments, trained manpower besides supporting ten start-up research programs. The Center is currently working on nano-agri inputs (nano-seed science, nano-fertilizers, nano-herbicides, nano-pesticides, encapsulation of Bt, nano-pheramones, hydrogels for moisture conservation, nano-particles for quenching reactive oxygen species), biosensors (sensor for seed quality assessment, early detection of plant diseases, heavy metal contamination), nano-food systems (nano-emulsion for fruit preservation, smart-packaging viz., electrospun-fibre matrix and cyclodextrin inclusion complex for extending shelf-life of fruits, nano-packaging from nano-fibrillated cellulose and encapsulation of functional foods), besides biosafety of nano-materials at various trophic levels. Nano agriculture will serve as a ray of hope to meet the food security challenges enshrined in the millennium development goals.
The Department of Nano Science and Technology is fostering multi-faceted research collaborations with national and international organizations. We intend to provide advance education and research opportunities to young graduates for taking the inventions from the laboratory to the farm gate. We undertake analytical services on cost-basis to meet the requirement of scientists, students, scholars of TNAU & ICAR Institutes and other academic & industrial organizations.